Sunday, September 27, 2009


The twenty-five largest megacities, according to these criteria are

Rank ↓ Megacity ↓ Country ↓ Population ↓ Annual Growth ↓
1 Tokyo Flag of Japan Japan 33,800,000 0.60%
2 Seoul Flag of South Korea South Korea 23,900,000 1.40%
3 Mexico City Flag of Mexico Mexico 22,900,000 2.00%
4 Delhi Flag of India India 22,400,000 4.60%
5 Mumbai (Bombay) Flag of India India 22,300,000 2.90%
6 New York City Flag of the United States USA 21,900,000 0.30%
7 São Paulo Flag of Brazil Brazil 21,000,000 1.40%
8 Manila [20] Flag of the Philippines Philippines 19,200,000 2.50%
9 Los Angeles Flag of the United States USA 18,000,000 1.10%
10 Shanghai Flag of the People's Republic of China China 17,900,000 2.20%
11 Osaka Flag of Japan Japan 16,700,000 0.15%
12 Kolkata Flag of India India 16,000,000 2.00%
13 Karachi Flag of Pakistan Pakistan 15,700,000 4.90%
14 Guangzhou Flag of the People's Republic of China China 15,300,000 4.00%
15 Jakarta Flag of Indonesia Indonesia 15,100,000 2.00%
16 Cairo Flag of Egypt Egypt 14,800,000 2.60%
17 Buenos Aires Flag of Argentina Argentina 14,100,000 1.00%
18 Moscow Flag of Russia Russia 13,500,000 0.20%
19 Beijing Flag of the People's Republic of China China 13,200,000 2.70%
20 Dhaka Flag of Bangladesh Bangladesh 13,100,000 4.10%
21 Istanbul Flag of Turkey Turkey 12,500,000 2.80%
21 Rio de Janeiro Flag of Brazil Brazil 12,500,000 1.00%
21 Tehran Flag of Iran Iran 12,500,000 2.60%
24 London Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom 12,300,000 0.70%
25 Lagos Flag of Nigeria Nigeria 11,400,000 3.20%
Disadvantages of Megacity is quality of life can be lower than in smaller cities in terms of less living space, higher cost of living, lower quality of public services and infrastructure, etc.The desirable parts of the city to live in are often small in area and become very expensive, while a lot of the population that can't afford the desirable parts has to live in far-flung suburbs (in the West) or shantytowns (in the third world)They tend to have a large gap between rich and poor.Lots of things to do, lots of services (hospitals, clinics, theaters, museums), shops, architechture, public transportation
The advantage S offer far more options in terms of culture, nightlife, restaurants, recreation, etc. than smaller cities do. They are more environmentally efficient on a per capita basis due to public transportation and smaller living spaces.Most businesses can find every good or service they need in the area and have no need to use multiple locations.Traffic, lots of people, less natural landscapes, fast food, living is more expensive, larger polution such as global warning.

Monday, September 14, 2009


Bruno Manser born 25 August 1954 in Basel, Switzerland was an environmental activist. He was well-known in Switzerland for his public activism for rainforest preservation and the protection of indigenous peoples Bruno Manser is missing and presumed dead. Manser, 47 was last seen in May 2000 in the isolated village of Bario in the Malaysian state of Sarawak, close to the border with Indonesia. His last known communication is a letter mailed to his girlfriend from the village of Bario, in the Kelabit Highlands, Sarawak, where he had returned to meet the nomadic Penan he lived with for so long.
Manser is still regarded by the Penan as somewhat of an idol, named "Lakei Penan" (Penan Man). A man that united them and has been accused by the government of arranging numerous blockades of logging roads and having some positive effect by protesting about the alleged inhumanity of the tropical timber industry.
After search expeditions proved fruitless, a civil court in Basel ruled on March 10, 2005 that Manser be considered dead .Manser's unpopularity with Sarawak's government and the logging companies such as Samling Plywood, who have been known to use intimidation and violence as scare tactics have prompted suspicions surrounding his death, none of which have yet been proved.
Anonymous information concerning the presumed killing or the whereabouts of Bruno Manser still can be sent to bm.
In our opinion, Bruno Manser has the right to stop the government to defend from change because his action is to help the Penan from losing their home. Confronted with the rampant destruction of the rainforest by the timber industry, he helped the Penan to resist further intrusion by the loggers and became the international mouthpiece for the threatened people of the primeval forest. Today, the Penan's future hangs precariously on Taibadherence to the Magoh Biosphere Reserve. It was Bruno Manser who, a few months before leaving for Asia, told Online reports (Switzerland) that Taib Mahmud was "personally responsible for nearly the whole area of the rainforests of Sarawak becoming one big field of destruction in the matter of one generation". Whether or not the Chief Minister will ever realize the irreversible damage to the environment and the livelihood of the Penan caused by logging is anyone's guess.
Posted by FoReStRY

Sunday, September 6, 2009


ZAPIN.It is believed that Muslim missionaries of the Middle East namely Persia and Arabia introduced the dance to Malaya during the fifteenth century.
The dance was originally performed by males only however it is also performed by female dancers these days.
The simple versiountn of the Zapin is performed to the rhythmThe music for Zapin comes from an ensemble of traditional instruments which include the lute (gambus), gypsy-type bongos (marwas) and the violin.
There are no hard and fast rules as to the number of dancers that perform. However because of the very interactive nature of this dance, it is usually performed in pairs.
The dancers can then play with each other, challenging and enjoying each others company. It is most popular in Johor.
There are numerous forms of Zapin dances and it varies from state to state. One of the most popular forms and certainly more evolved and intricate is the Zapin Tenglu from the town of Mersing. Said to be inspired by the ebb and flow of the tide and the lives of fishermen, the dance has many unexpected movements .
Another popular Zapin dance is the Zapin Pekajang
This dance from the Zapin family from the Sindang Village , Kucing, the capital of Sarawak. Believed to have assisted in the spreading of Islam in Borneo this dance never see the couples actually touch and their flirtatiousness in largely in the sideways glances and looks they give one another.
The dance became so popular that the dance has been accepted by the people of Sarawak and is danced regularly. Using music in the Zapin flavour, the dance has only a few patterns and sequences.

The media should be stopped from giving opinions againss the goverment.

The media be stopped from giving against the goverment.Yes,we agree with this opinion.The media massa must giving pure information for community.So,when media give false information,the government must be warning for media such as media electronic.This example computer,television,radio and each other.Besides that,the media must infoms the government before giving information for audience.

Tuesday, August 4, 2009

'Goth subculture'
The goth subculture is a contemporary subculture found in many countries. It began in the united kingdom during the early 1980s in the gothic rock scene, an offshoot of the post_punk genre. The goth subculture has survived much longer than others of the same era, and has continued to diversify. Its imagery and cultural proclivities indicate influences from nineteenth century Gothic litereature along with horror movie and to a lesser extent the culture.The goth subculture has associated tastes in music, aesthetics, and fashion, whether or not all individuals who share those tastes are in fact members of the goth subculture. Gothic music encompasses a number of different styles. Common to all is a tendency towards a lugubrius mystical sound and outlook. Styles of dress within the subculture range from deathrock, punk, ,victorian , some Renaissenence and Medievel style attire, or combinations of the above, most often with black attire, makeup and hair.

'Origins and develop'

By the late 1970s, there were a few post-punk bands labeled "gothic." However, it was not until the early 1980s that gothic rock became its own subgenre within post-punk and that followers of these bands started to come together as a distinctly recognizable movement. The scene appears to have taken its name from an article published in UK rock weekly Sounds: "The face of Punk Gothique", written by Steve Keaton and published on February 21, 1981. The opening of theBatcave in London's Soho in July 1982 provided a prominent meeting point for the emerging scene, which had briefly been labeled positive punk by theNew3 Musical Express. The term "Batcaver" was later used to describe old-school goths.
Independent from the British scene, the late 1970s and early 1980s saw death rock branch off from American punk. In 1980s and early 1990s, members of an emerging subculture in Germany were called Grufti[e]s (English "vault creatures" or "tomb creatures"); they generally followed a fusion of the gothic and new wave with an influence of new romantic, and formed the early stages of the "dark culture" (formerly called "dark wave culture").

'The goth scene'

The bands that began the gothic rock and death rock scene were limited in number.By the mid-1990s, styles of music that were heard in venues that goths attended ranged from , death rock, industrial music, Gothabilly, EBM,ambient, experimental, shoegazing, punl rock, 1970s glam rock, indie rock,, to 1980s dance music. This variety was a result of the eclectic playlists of the Independent/Alternative music clubs.Today, the goth music scene thrives in Western-euorope in Germany large festivals such asWave-Gothic-Treffen, m'era luna and others drawing tens of thousands of fans from all over the world.HoweverNorth Americastill sees large scale events, most recently, Chamber's Dark Art & Music Festival


Demographics of Japan
This article is about the demographic features of the population ofJapan, including po[pulation density, etchnity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Birth and death rates of Japan since 1950
As of June 2008, Japan's Population
is around 127.7 million.Making it the world's tenth most populatedcountry. Its size can be attributed to fast growth rates experienced during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
However more recently Japan has been experiencing net population loss, due to falling birth rates
and almost no net immigration, despite having one of the highest life expentaciesin the world, at 81.25 years of age as of 2006
Japan is also noted for its ethnically
and linguistically homogeneous population and strict laws regarding immigration.

Birth rate
In February 2007, demographers and the Japanese government announced the first significant rise in the national birth rate
in 40 years took place in 2006. The nation had an estimated 33, 500 new births that year, a sign of a small but suitable rise in the Japanese population.

Factors affecting birth rate
>Pro-natalist policies and Antinatalist policies from government
>Existing age-sex sturcture
>Availability of family planning services
>Social and religious beliefs - especially in relation to contraception
and abortion >Female literacy levels
Economic prosperity (although in theory when the economy is doing well families can afford to have more children, in practice the higher the economic prosperity the lower the birth rate).
Poverty levels – Children can be seen as an economic resource in developing countries as they can earn money.
Infant MortalityRate – A family may have more children if a country's IMR is high as it is likely some of those children will die.
age of marriage
Pension availability

Factors affecting a given death rate
>Age of country's population
>Nutrition levels
>Standards of diet and housing
>Access to clean drinking water
>Hygiene levels
>Levels of infectious diseases
>Social factors such as conflicts and levels of violent crime
>Amount and quality of health care available

Tuesday, July 14, 2009

While traditional clothes of Vietnam have always been very diverse depending on the era and occasion, after the Nguyen Dynasty women began to wear ela

While traditional clothes of Vietnam have always been very diverse depending on the era and occasion, after the Nguyen Dynasty women began to wear elaborate Áo dài for their weddings. . The style of the Nguyen Dynasty has remained popular and is still used in current-day Vietnamese wedding attire. The difference between the Áo mệnh phụ and the typical Áo dài is the elaborateness of its design. The former is usually embroidered with imperial symbols such as the phoenix) and includes an extravagant outer cloak. This gown is preferably in red or pink, and the bride usually wears a Khăn đống headdress. The groom wears a simpler male equivalent of the dress, often in the color blue.
Previous to the Nguyen Dynasty, it is likely that women simply wore fancy, elaborate versions of
Áo tứ thân.